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Home About Radiation Oncology

Why is radiation oncology important?

The speciality of radiation oncology focuses on the use of radiation to treat cancer and other diseases. Radiation treatment remains a powerful weapon against cancer in its many manifestations, resulting in increased cancer cures and lessening the suffering for patients and their families.

Cancer is now a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the western world and its treatment consumes a major portion of healthcare expenditure. About one in every three people will develop cancer in their lifetime and over half will require radiation as part of their treatment. With the discovery of new treatments, the management of cancer has become more challenging and complex, requiring coordination of input from a variety of health professionals.


A radiation oncologist is a medical specialist who has specific postgraduate training in management of patients with cancer, in particular, involving the use of radiation therapy (also called radiotherapy) as one aspect of their cancer treatment.


Radiotherapy is a safe and strongly evidence-based treatment. It is an essential component of any world-class cancer care service.


The current Radiation Oncology Training Program is a five-year program conducted in two phases. Phase 1, of between 18-24 months duration and Phase 2 approximately 36-42 months duration (depending on the trainee’s progress through Phase 1). 



Radiation therapy (also called Radiotherapy) is a sophisticate, effective and painless treatment for cancer.
Cancer is a leading cause of premature death in Australia.  There are more than 100,000 new cancer cases in Australia every year.  Our population is both growing and ageing, so there will be even more new cancers in the future.